Remove Judgments from your Credit Report

Lawson at Law, PLLC can help you remove judgments on discharged debts from your credit report. A bankruptcy discharge “voids any judgment at any time obtained, to the extent that such judgment is a determination of the personal liability of the debtor with respect to any debt discharged under” the bankruptcy code. 11 U.S.C. § 524(a)(1). This includes discharged under both Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Void and discharged judgments provide solid grounds for vacating a state court judgment.

We have the tools, the means, and the experience to vacate any state court judgment on a discharged debt. We can remove judgments on discharged debts from the public record section of your credit report for very reasonable flat fees: $200.00 for one judgment, $250.00 for two judgments, and $300.00 for three or more judgments.

Removing a judgment from your credit report can help substantially improve your credit scores. Each judgment in the public-record section of your credit report can lower your credit score by up to 40 points.[1] Your credit score and credit rating are important to many aspects of your life, including employment, rentals, relationships, and the cost of credit.

Entry of a judgment allows the judgment creditor to file a judgment lien that attaches to all of your real property. A judgment lien can be very costly when it comes to time to buy or sell property. Vacating the underlying judgment eliminates the basis for the judgment lien. With your credit and credit score, it is important to be proactive and act to clean up your credit report before you need good credit. Because when you need it might be too late. Please call or email us today to discuss removing the judgments that are dragging down your credit and credit score.

[1] Dana Neal, Credit Ratings: advanced strategies for FICO scoring

Kentucky Statute of Limitations for Credit Card Debt

           The statute of limitations for credit card debt is an open question in Kentucky. This is because there is no statute squarely on point and no Kentucky appellate court has yet addressed or decided the issue. Creditors generally take the position that the statute of limitations is five years under KRS 413.120 or fifteen years under KRS 413.090.

            Recently, a federal district strongly indicated that credit card debt is subject to a five-year statute of limitations under Kentucky law. Conway v. Portfolio Recovery Associates, 13 F.Supp.3d 711, 715 (E.D. Ky. 2014). See also Fulk v. LVNV Funding LLC, No. CIV.A. 5:14-125-DCR, 55 F.Supp.3d 967, 972 (E.D. Ky. 2014) (same). This is based on the argument that credit card agreements are not sufficiently definite in terms and conditions to be subject to the fifteen-year statute of limitations for contracts in writing. But Conway ultimately determined that the credit card at issue in the case was subject to Virginia’s statute of limitations under a straight forward application of Kentucky’s borrowing statute. KRS 413.320.

            The borrowing statute provides that

[w]hen a cause of action has arisen in another state or country, and by the laws of this state or country where the cause of action accrued the time for the commencement of an action thereon is limited to a shorter period of time than the period of limitation prescribed by the laws of this state for a like cause of action, then said action shall be barred in this state at the expiration of said shorter period.

           The key to triggering to Kentucky’s borrowing statute is accrual of a cause of action in a in another jurisdiction. When an “injury is purely economic,” which is the case with a defaulted credit card account, “the place of injury, and therefore the place of accrual of the action, may be where the economic impact of the defendant’s conduct is felt, which is usually the plaintiff’s place of residence.” 51 Am. Jur. 2d Limitation of Actions § 91 (Updated Aug. 2014). This is the general rule, which the Kentucky Supreme Court recently adopted in Abel v. Austin, 411 S.W.3d 728 (Ky. 2013).

            This means that when the statute of limitations of the state where a bank is headquartered is less than five years for an action to collect a credit card debt, under the borrowing statute, the statute of limitations of that state applies to an action on a credit card account issued by that bank. This has particular relevance for banks headquartered in Delaware, North Carolina, and Virginia all of which have three-year statute of limitations. This includes a great many banks including Chase Bank USA, N.A., Discover Bank, and FIA Card Services, N.A., which are all headquartered in Delaware; Bank of America, N.A., which is headquartered in North Carolina; and Capital One Bank (USA), N.A.

            Two party store charge cards that can only be used at one particular store are subject to a four-year statute of limitations under KRS 355.2-725.

            If a debt collector has tried to collect a debt from you that is barred by the statute of limitations, threatened to sue, or has sued you to collect a time-barred debt,this is illegal and can be stopped. PLEASE call or email at your earliest convenience. I may be able to help you at no cost to you.

            (502) 473-6525


The difference between using a debit and credit cards

Surprisingly, it does make a difference. The most important thing you need to know is that using a debit card does cannot help improve your credit score. This is because, with a debit card, you are not borrowing money like you would with a credit card. Unlike with a credit card, you don’t get a bill at the end of the month for your debit card, just an itemized statement. As explained in recent article from Money Magazine:

Debit and credit transactions are processed differently: Here’s how MasterCard explained it in an emailed statement to When you use a debit card and your PIN (personal identification number), the transaction is completed in real time, also known as an online transaction — you authorize the purchase with your PIN and the money is immediately transferred from your bank account to the merchant. With a credit card, or using a debit card as credit, it’s an offline transaction.

GLA Collection Co. on your Credit Report?

GLA Collection Co., Inc. is a Louisville, Kentucky based collection company that focuses on the collection of medical debt. Medical debt is one of the most common types of debt on consumer credit reports. A recent study found that “43 million Americans have overdue medical debt on their credit reports.” And medical debt is the leading causes of bankruptcy according to another study. So if GLA is on your credit report, you are not alone.

GLA may be adding interest to your debt that it has no right to recover. GLA may also be incorrectly reporting your spouse’s debt on your credit report. If you suspect that GLA information on your credit report is in error, please call (502) 473-6525 or email me for a free consultation.

O’Connell Greenman & Assoc.: Another Arbitration Scam?

I have a client who was recently  contacted by an outfit identifying itself as O’Connell Greenman & Associates. This debt collector made a number of dubious claims on a recorded message that appear to be false, including threatening to sue the client. The debt collector ended in the call with an ominous, “Good luck in Court.” I called the number left on the message.

The call was answered with “Arbitration Department.” (What is about the word “arbitration” that debt collectors think is so scary?). I simply asked the name of the company. The person answering the phone could not fulfill this simple request. I was transferred to a “supervisor” who informed me that O’Connell Greenman & Associates was a “mediation” firm based out of Tacoma Washington. I could find no such firm registered on the Washington Secretary of State website or on the Kentucky SOS website.

Other consumers seem to be having similar problems as can be seen on this complaint board. If you are contacted by these people BE CAREFUL. You should insist on proof of any debt and proof of O’Connell Greenman & Associates legal existence before taking any steps toward payment, if you decide to make any steps at all.

CFPB: Consumer Credit Report Study

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau recently published a study concerning the reporting of medical and non-medical debt on consumer credit reports.

Some of the pertinent highlights of the study are:

  • Information from recent studies of credit report accuracy and from other sources raise particular concerns about the accuracy and interpretation of collections tradelines, the vast majority of which are furnished by debt collection agencies and debt buyers.
  • [C]ollections tradelines appear on the credit reports of almost one third (31.6 percent) of consumers.
  • There are no objective or enforceable standards that determine when a debt can or should be reported as a collections tradeline.
  • Medical debts comprise roughly half (52 percent) of the collections tradelines that appear on consumer credit reports. Medical debts occur and are collected through unique circumstances and practices that amplify concerns raised about collections tradelines generally. In particular, the complexity of medical billing and the third-party reimbursement processes faced by most patients and their families is a potential source of confusion or misunderstanding between patient, medical provider, and insurer. That complexity could lead some consumers to be unaware of when, to whom, or for what amount they owe a medical bill or even whether payment was the responsibility of the consumer rather than an insurance company.
  • Almost one out of every four consumers (24.5 percent) has one or more non-medical collections tradelines.
  • Industry interviews have suggested that some collectors employ a strategy of “passive collections” that involves reporting a debt in collections to the NCRAs and simply waiting for the consumer to discover the tradeline (rather than actively seeking to collect from the consumer). A collector may be most likely to resort to this tactic when the amount owed on a collections account is small. Small dollar accounts are most often observed for telecommunications, utility, and medical accounts. Attempts to make direct contact with the consumer via mail or telephone to collect may not be cost efficient based on the odds of recovery and the amounts recovered.




How to Write Effective FDCPA Debt Validation and Verification Letters

Debt validation is a specific right you have under the FDCPA. 15 U.S.C. § 1692g(b). Writing effective debt validation and verification letters is key to exercising this right. Within 30 days of a debt collector’s “initial communication” with a consumer, you the consumer have the right to send a letter to the debt collector disputing the debt or requesting the name and address of the original creditor. If you send a timely validation letter, the debt collector must cease all collection activity against you until the debt collector sends you verification of the debt or the name and address of the original creditor.

What is Verification of the Debt?

“Verification of the debt” is not defined in the FDCPA except in the case where the debt collector is attempting to collect on judgment. In that case, verification requires the debt collector to obtain a copy of the judgment and send a copy to the consumer. As to other debts, it appears that verification requires a debt collector to obtain some sort of documentation from the original creditor and to send copies of the documentation to the consumer.

Why is it Called a Debt-Validation Letter?

The letter is called a “debt-validation letter” because the applicable statute is titled “Validation of Debts.” But the actual text of the statute never uses the word “validation.” Rather, the statute speaks of disputing debts and the debt collector’s duty of “verification of the debt.”

What if you don’t Send a Debt-Validation Letter within 30 Days of the Initial Communication?

The case law is clear that if a consumer does not send the debt collector a validation-letter within 30 days from the date of the debt collector’s initial communication. (To be safe, the validation letter she be mailed within the 30 days of the date on the debt collector’s dunning letter when the initial communication is in writing.). But if you’ve missed the 30-day window, there are still good reasons to send a dispute letter to a debt collector.

A debt collector violates the FDCPA if it reports credit information that it knows is false. This includes failure to report that a debt is disputed. 15 U.S.C. § 1692e(8). Sending a dispute letter to a debt collector may be very helpful in proving that a debt collector knows or should have known that negative information it sends to a credit reporting agency is false. Also, actively disputed debts will not negatively affect your credit score.

What to Put in a Validation or Dispute Letter

If you don’t believe you owe the debt, if you believe that the amount of the debt is wrong, or the dates are wrong, expressly say so in the letter. Use the word “dispute.” Dispute that you owe the debt, the amount of the debt, the date the debt went delinquent, etc. in the letter. If you don’t want a debt collector to contact you, put that in the letter. See 15 U.S.C. § 1692(c). Request that the debt collector cease all communications with you. If you want a debt collector to only communicate with you in writing, put that in the letter. If your employer does not allow you to receive phone calls at work, put that in the letter. 15 U.S.C. § 1692c(a)(3). You can request that a debt collector supply you certain documents or types of documents as part of its duty of verification. The debt collector might not comply, but it’s good practice in terms of notice. If you don’t want a debt collector contacting your friend and family, expressly state in your letter that the debt collector does not have your consent to communicate with anyone else but you in connection with the debt. See 15 U.S.C. § 1692(c)(b).

Please call (502) 473-6525 or email me for a free consultation on attacking your debt.

4 Medical Debt Myths That Can Cost You Dearly

            Medical debt on consumer credit reports is huge problem in this country. As reported by the International Business Times:

According to a study by the Commonwealth Fund, 22 percent of adults—approximately 41 million consumers—were contacted by a collection agency over unpaid medical bills in 2012. Another study, by Ernst & Young in 2012, found that medical debts made up more than half (52.2 percent) of the debt that collection agencies go after—even more than credit card and other financial debt (20 percent).[1]

America’s medical billing system is utterly dysfunctional and rife with errors.[2]  Consequently, there’s a good chance that a medical bill is hurting your credit.

Gerri Detweiler, the Director of Consumer Education at has done some good work in educating the public on the issue of medical debt. In her article, “4 Medical Bill Myths That Can Cost You Dearly” she provides the following you should be aware of:

  • Myth 1: As long as I am making payments on a medical bill, it can’t be sent to collections.
  • Myth 2: I have to be notified before a medical bill is turned over for collections.
  • Myth 3: Medical collection accounts are treated differently than other types of collection accounts when credit scores are calculated.
  • Myth 4: To clean up my credit, I need to pay off medical collection accounts




[2] The Cleveland Plain Dealer ran an excellent series of series of articles on this issue titled: “Medical Billing: A World of Hurt.”

Bad Credit Decision

There’s a saying that “bad decisions make good stories.” But when it comes to credit, bad decisions just leads to bad or worse credit. Taking out your frustrations on the bank that issued you a credit card in connection with a beef you have with a creditor does not end well. Read more here: